eiu report

Democracy Index 2022

The average global index score stagnated in 2022. Despite expectations of a rebound after the lifting of pandemic-related restrictions, the score was almost unchanged, at 5.29 (on a 0-10 scale), compared with 5.28 in 2021. The positive effect of the restoration of individual freedoms was cancelled out by negative developments globally. The scores of more than half of the countries measured by the index either stagnated or declined. Western Europe was a positive outlier, being the only region whose score returned to pre-pandemic levels.

Alongside an explanation of the changes in the global rankings and an in-depth regional review, the latest edition of EIU’s Democracy Index report explores why democracy failed in Russia, how this led to the current war and why democracy in Ukraine is tied to its fight for sovereignty.

Download free report

Democracy in the doldrums

EIU’s Democracy Index provides a snapshot of the state of democracy in 165 independent states and two territories.

Download free report

Fill in the form below to access this free report.

How EIU measures democracy


The Democracy Index is based on 60 indicators, grouped into five categories: electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, functioning of government, political participation and political culture .


Countries are given a rating on a zero to ten scale, and the overall index is the average of the five total category scores.

Types of regimes

Each country is then grouped into four types of regimes, based on their average score: “full democracies”, “flawed democracies”, “hybrid regimes” and “authoritarian regimes”.

Previous editions

Explore our solutions

Watch our on-demand webinar

In this on-demand webinar, the editor of the Democracy Index report, Joan Hoey, and EIU’s global forecasting director, Agathe Demarais, discuss this year’s global rankings.